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  • br Given that mesothelioma rates

    2020-08-28


    Given that mesothelioma rates are not declining in women, future research should continue to focus on the effects of low-level, non-oc-cupational sources of asbestos exposure. This includes investigating the  Environmental Research 175 (2019) 449–456
    possible health impacts and prevalence of ongoing residential exposure to vermiculite attic insulation. It is essential to consider the impact of smoking by examining interactions of smoking and asbestos exposure. In this Minneapolis Imipenem cohort, continued clinical follow-up and surveillance are warranted to assess latent respiratory disease.
    Author contribution
    Tess Konen: Completed formal analysis, data management, project administrator and coordinator. Developed the original manuscript draft and completed editing.
    Jean Johnson: Contributed to conceptualization and methodology. Provided the funding support through CDC grant. Supervised and oversaw analysis work. Contributed to the original draft writing and reviewed and edited.
    Paula Lindgren: Contributed to formal analysis through statistician consultation and cancer subject matter expert. Part of team in metho-dology development. Reviewed and edited the manuscript. Allan Williams: Contributed to conceptualization and metho-dology. Contributed to formal analysis for proportional incidence ratios analysis. Reviewed and edited manuscript.
    Acknowledgements
    We the authors gratefully acknowledge the community of Northeast Minneapolis, Tannie Eshenaur, Jim Kelly, Dr. Rita Messing, Dr. Greg Pratt, and numerous staff at the Minnesota Department of Health who contributed to establishing the Northeast Minneapolis Community Vermiculite Investigation cohort and exposure analyses. We also thank Dr. Bruce Alexander for his helpful advice and encouragement throughout this study.
    References
    Adgate, J.L., et al., 2011. Modeling community asbestos exposure near a vermiculite processing facility: impact of human activities on cumulative exposure. J. Expo. Sci. Environ. Epidemiol. 21, 529–535.
    Alexander, B.H., et al., 2012. Radiographic evidence of nonoccupational asbestos ex-posure from processing libby vermiculite in minneapolis, Minnesota. Environ. Health Perspect. 120, 44–49. Amandus, H.E., et al., 1987. The morbidity and mortality of vermiculite miners and millers exposed to tremolite-actinolite: Part III. Radiographic findings. Am. J. Ind. Med. 11, 27–37.
    Amandus, H.E., Wheeler, R., 1987. The morbidity and mortality of vermiculite miners and millers exposed to tremolite-actinolite: Part II. Mortality. Am. J. Ind. Med. 11, 15–26. Anderson, B.A., et al., 2005. Exposure pathway evaluations for sites that processed as-bestos-contaminated vermiculite. Int. J. Hyg Environ. Health 208, 55–65.
    Antao, V.C., et al., 2012. Libby vermiculite exposure and risk of developing asbestos-related lung and pleural diseases. Curr. Opin. Pulm. Med. 18, 161–167. ATSDR, 2001. Toxicological Profile of Asbestos. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, Atlanta, GA:U.S.
    ATSDR, 2002. Health Consultation: Mortality from Asbestosis in Libby. Montana Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, Atlanta, GA:U.S.
    ATSDR, 2008. Summary report: exposure to asbestos-contaminated vermiculite from
    libby, Montana. In: 28 Processing Sites in the United States.
    Larson, T.C., et al., 2012. Associations between radiographic findings and spirometry in a community exposed to Libby amphibole. Occup. Environ. Med. 69, 361–366.
    Loushin, M.M., 2010. An Evaluation of Potential Asbestos Pathways from Vermiculite Attic Insulation and/or Other Asbestos Containing Materials in Western Montana Homes Dept. of Industrial Hygiene, Vol. M.S. University of Montana.
    McDonald, J.C., McDonald, A.D., 1997. Chrysotile, tremolite and carcinogenicity. Ann.
    Minnesota Department of Health, 2001. Health Consultation: Western Mineral Products Site, vol. 2017. Minnesota Department of Health, 2005. Final Report of the Northeast Minneapolis Community Vermiculite Investigation (NMCVI) and Worker/Household Study: Cohort Identification and Characterization, vol. 2014 Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, Atlanta, GA:U.S.
    Minnesota Department of Health, 2011. Community Concerns about Cancer in Northeast Minneapolis, vol. 2017 Minnesota Department of Health.
    National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), 2013. Life Table Analysis System, vol. 2017.
    Ngamwong, Y., et al., 2015. Additive synergism between Imipenem asbestos and smoking in lung cancer risk: a systematic review and meta-analysis. PLoS One 10, e0135798. Noonan, C.W., 2017. Environmental asbestos exposure and risk of mesothelioma. Ann.